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How-do-the-7-Noahide-Laws-differ-from-the-Ten-Commandments-Part-1

July 8, 2019

Since public education has been sanitized of G-d and the Bible, Observant Jews involved in “outreach” are often approached by members of the gentile community and asked whether they are also obligated to keep the Commandments. Conventional teaching would appear to clarify that all Jews are obligated to fulfill the Commandments that are feasible in the diaspora, while Gentiles are obligated to observe the 7 Noahide Laws.

One has to be quite scholarly to distinguish between the Ten Commandments and the Seven Noahide Laws: On the one hand, there is considerable overlap. But there are also some vital differences.

The dichotomy that exists is based on the historical unfolding of the Written Law being given to the Jewish Nation by Moses, followed by the Judges, Prophets, Kings, 120 Rabbis who sat in the Sanhedrin during the times of the Temple; followed by the Oral Law authored by the leading Rabbis who codified the Mishnah, Talmud, and subsequent commentators culminating in the Code of Jewish Law.

The difference between the Ten Commandments from the rest of the Torah is that they were hewn into the Tablets of Stone when Moses ascended Mount Sinai, while the rest of the Commandments were written on Scroll.

In contrast, the Seven Noahide Laws were given in the form of an Oath to Original Man as a sacred obligation to maintain a moral order to prevent the world from falling victim to the darkest impulses of man. They were then reiterated to Noah following the Great Flood when mankind deviated from his original Oath.

But the dichotomy is not as rigid as it may seem: The Seven Noahide Laws apply to all mankind. But they are usually absorbed in the more comprehensive Laws of the Torah that apply equally to all Jews: The notion of “Reform” and “Conservative” Judaism are fabrications arising from the “Maskilim Movement”, a pseudo-theology developed largely by German Jews in the 18th – 19th Centuries who considered themselves as enlightened, and modernized the practice of Judaism to suite the times, while deviating from the principles of exegesis applied from the Oral Torah into the Code of Jewish Law.

In part-2 of the essay, I will distinguish the Ten Commandments from the Seven Noahide Laws.

The purpose of this essay is to explain how, when, and why the Torah applies to all mankind.

I will then clarify how the Seven Noahide Laws, are not specific Laws, but rather Categories of Law, that add up to about 166 Laws.

I will attempt to clarify the notion of the Jewish Nation being selected to focus all their leisure time on the study of Torah. In contrast, the gentiles were delegated to dedicate their intellectual creativity to the study of Math, Physics, science and poetry (as examples). This derived from Moses, and most (not all) of the prophets being Jewish, the Middle-East being the initial cradle of Civilization: (The reason why the Babylonian Talmud being written in Persian).

I will complete the essay by explaining how the First Commandments address the intellectual pursuit of “Knowing G-d”, and how “punishments”, such as “death by stoning” or “death by the sword”, are merely a measurement of the seriousness of an offence or requirement for compensation.  Such punishments were virtually never metered out literally. An exception, such as the  stoning of the “wood-chopper” following the Sabbath when Moses expounded the Laws of Sabbath, were self-inflicted in order to illustrate the importance of the sanctity of Sabbath.

I will conclude part-2 of the essay by explaining that the learning and teaching of Torah and the performance of all the available Mitzvoth during the protracted Jewish exile was imposed on the Jewish Nation through a complex process of choice that involved an existential imperative fraught with ambivalence and suffering. Throughout the ages, the Rabbis discouraged the choice by gentiles to convert. If the gentile can earn his place in the World to Come by keeping the far less stringent Noahide Laws, why chose a far-more morally stringent and constrictive lifestyle without any guarantee of earning the rewards reserved only for those committed to a life seeped in the diligent study of Torah and performance of Mitzvoth ?

This notion perhaps stands out above all others when comparing Judaism to other religions, who claim to exclusively offer the opportunity for Divine Forgiveness and Redemption.

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